The Verbal Reasoning section of the GMAT exam consists of 36 multiple-choice questions and measures your ability to read and comprehend written material, reason and evaluate arguments, and correct material to express ideas effectively in standard written English. You will have 65 minutes to complete it. There are three types of questions:
i. Sentence Correction
ii. Critical Reasoning
iii. Reading Comprehension.
The Sentence Correction questions of the Verbal Reasoning section of the GMAT exam present a sentence, part or all of which is underlined. Beneath the sentence are five ways of phrasing the underlined part. Paying attention to grammar, word choice and sentence construction, you must choose the answer that produces the most effective sentence.
These questions are designed to measure two broad aspects of your language proficiency. First, correct expression, referring to sentences that are grammatically and structurally sound. Second, effective expression, referring to sentences that effectively express an idea or relationship clearly, concisely, and grammatically.
The Critical Reasoning questions of the Verbal Reasoning section of the GMAT exam are based on a short reading passage, usually fewer than 100 words. Typically, the short text comes with a question that asks you which of the five answer options strengthens or weakens an argument, tells why the argument is flawed, or strongly supports or damages the argument.
These questions are designed to measure your ability to make arguments, evaluate arguments, and formulate or evaluate a plan of action.
The Reading Comprehension passages come with questions that ask you to interpret material, draw inferences or apply to a further context. The passages discuss topics including social sciences and humanities, physical and biological sciences, or a business-related field.
These questions are designed to measure your ability to understand words and statements, understand logical relationships between significant points, draw inferences, and follow the development of quantitative concepts. Specifically, the following reading skills will be tested: main idea, supporting idea, inference, application, logical structure, and style.